Abnormal tissue growth in the cornea and sclera of your eye can lead to vision loss, but cornea surgery offers a solution. The ophthalmology team at Fry Eye Associates in Garden City, Kansas, offers unparalleled skill in cornea surgery techniques and can help restore healthy vision. Learn more during a personalized consultation, which you can book online or by phone today.
Pterygia are noncancerous growths that occur in your conjunctiva tissue. This clear tissue lies on top of your sclera, or the white portion of your eye.
Researchers are uncertain of what triggers abnormal growth of conjunctiva tissue. It’s believed that exposure to ultraviolet rays may be a contributing factor, as well as exposure to wind, smoke, pollen, or sand.
Men and women who develop pterygia work outside in environments that expose their eyes to a wide range of potential irritants.
Not all pterygia cause symptoms. When symptoms are present, they might include:
Some cases lead to minor symptoms that are easily managed with ointment or eye drops, while other cases require surgical intervention.
If a pterygium is interfering with your vision, the best treatment path may be surgical removal. There are several ways to remove the overgrown tissue.
One approach is called bare sclera removal. It involves removing the abnormal tissue without using a tissue graft as a replacement. The sclera is then left to heal.
A more common surgical technique involves removing the abnormal tissue and a portion of associated conjunctiva tissue, then implanting a graft. Your provider will then use a fibrin glue or tiny sutures to secure the conjunctival tissue graft in place. All types of pterygium surgery begin with sedation and local anesthesia to ensure you rest comfortably from start to finish.
After your surgery, you’ll wear an eye pad or patch to reduce the risk of infection and improve your comfort. You’ll also receive aftercare instructions, which are wise to follow and can help your recovery move along smoothly.
Antibiotics help prevent infection, and keeping the area clean is also essential. Recovery can take a couple of weeks to a couple of months, depending on how your body adjusts.
Learn more about this form of cornea surgery during a face-to-face consultation, which you can set up online or over the phone.